Project Nosiri Khisrav
WWNB visited Nosiri Khisrav in the Khatlon region on 24 May 2010. The aim of the visit was to identify regional problems in the sphere of education and find out what is needed to solve these problems, help reduce poverty and provide children with adequate schooling. In this region, children work extremely hard in the household: they look after cattle, they gather firewood, they bring fresh water from kilometers away, they bring in fodder for the animals. Most of the children are emaciated and exhausted.
According to the Chairman of the region, Khakim Karimov, the Nosiri Khisrav region was founded in 1996 with a population exceeding 27 000, 50% of whom are young people. He stated that: “On our own resources we built 4 primary schools, but to get to secondary schools children have to walk 4-5 km to the centre of the region.” Furthermore, the kindergarten does not function, there are no exercise facilities for young people and most schools have to be repaired.
The Deputy Chairman of the region, Asalby Dembegieva, noted that there is the problem of women’s unemployment in the region. She stated that: “Unfortunately we don’t have the opportunity to set up a sewing department for women to work. Now, we are dreaming of setting up confectioner’s department for baking. If such a department functions womens’ unemployment will be reduced.”
According to Khakim Karimov a lot of pupils (about 350) in jamoats Benazir, Tulaganova, Mymin, Kodirova, Firuza, Murod – teppa (have to walk 4-5 km to go to secondary school after finishing primary school. In winter this distance is difficult to overcome even for adults.
WWNB visited the primary school of Murod – teppa region. When it rains, the classroom ceilings leak, the floor squeaks and the school furniture is in poor condition. Moreover, it is very dangerous for children to make their way to school along the motorway; there is neither a pavement, nor a pedestrian path. The main problem for the region is the lack of any boarding school where children from distant areas could live and study.
It was very pleasant to observe schoolchildren wearing the school uniforms and ties, greeting us loudly. We asked the children if they knew that the 1st of June is International Day of the Child. The children looked at us wondering what we were talking about!
According to the Chairman of the Ministry of Education of Tajikistan, there are grant quotas made available every year for regional school – leavers to go early to republican institutions. 15 places were granted for school – leavers in 2010. The quota for school-leavers is determined on the basis of transparency and competition.
In Tajikistan, there are the acute shortages of building and roofing materials, equipment, fuel and food etc. There is also an acute shortage of new schools, boarding schools with modern equipment and computer classrooms. There are no gymnasiums with training equipment, no sports ground, no dining halls, no bedrooms with furniture and bedding, no libraries, no assembly halls and most importantly there is no clean drinking water.